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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þjóð Yt 9I

[2] Agna ‘Agni’s’: The pers. name Agni is in ONorw. and OIcel. only attested as the Yngling king’s name, but in OSwed. it is found in two runic inscriptions from Uppland (Peterson 2007, 17). In Yt, Agni is first in the series of Swedish Yngling kings whose names alliterate on initial vowels (see Introduction). By contrast, HN (2003, 76) makes him a son of Alrekr, who is the first in the series. The lack of reliable sources makes any certainty about Agni’s historicity impossible. Evans (1981, 105) assumes his existence to have been inferred from the p. n. Agnafit, found in Yng and in HN (2003, 76).


  1. Bibliography
  2. Evans, David A. H. 1981. ‘King Agni: Myth, History or Legend?’. In Dronke et al. 1981, 89-105.
  3. HN = Historia Norwegiæ. In MHN 69-124.
  4. Peterson, Lena. 2007. Nordiskt runnamnslexikon. 5th edn. Uppsala: Institutet för språk och folkminnen.
  5. Internal references
  6. Not published: do not cite (YngII)
  7. Edith Marold with the assistance of Vivian Busch, Jana Krüger, Ann-Dörte Kyas and Katharina Seidel, translated from German by John Foulks 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Ynglingatal’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 3.


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