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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Orma 2III

[6] gargan (f.) ‘shrieking one’: Or possibly gargann m. (so LP: gargann). The LaufE mss have gargan. This word is most likely related to the ModIcel. garg n. ‘shrieking, howling’ and the weak verb garga ‘shriek with a coarse voice’ (cf. ModIcel. gargan ‘something bad’). See AEW: gargan. For other interpretations, see Bugge (1875, 227), Alexander Jóhannesson (1927, 18) and ÍO: gargan, gargann 1. The word is also attested as a nickname in Sturlunga saga (Finnur Jónsson 1907, 313). In the rímur, the word is used as a heiti for ‘serpent’ (Finnur Jónsson 1926-8: gargán).


  1. Bibliography
  2. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  3. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  4. Finnur Jónsson. 1926-8. Ordbog til de af samfund til udg. af gml. nord. litteratur udgivne Rímur samt til de af Dr. O. Jiriczek udgivne Bósarímur. SUGNL 51. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  5. ÍO = Ásgeir Blöndal Magnússon. 1989. Íslensk orðsifjabók. Reykjavík: Orðabók Háskólans.
  6. Bugge, Sophus. 1875. ‘Biskop Bjarne Kolbeinssøn og Snorres Edda’. ÅNOH, 209-46.
  7. Finnur Jónsson. 1907. ‘Tilnavne i den islandske oldlitteratur’. ÅNOH, 161-381.
  8. Alexander Jóhannesson. 1927. Die Suffixe im Isländischen. Sonderdruck aus Árbók Háskóla Íslands 1927. Halle (Saale): Niemeyer.
  9. Internal references
  10. Not published: do not cite (StuIV)
  11. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].


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