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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Orma 1III

[7] fræningr (m.) ‘flashing one’: Derived from the adj. fránn ‘gleaming, flashing’, which is a poetic epithet for serpents (cf. Vsp 66/3 (NK 15) naðr fránn ‘gleaming adder’, Fáfn 26/5 (NK 185) inn fráni ormr ‘the gleaming serpent’ and LP: 2. fránn 3). The nominalised form fránn m. ‘serpent’ is attested in skaldic verse but omitted in the present þula. Fræningr is also a poetic term for ‘spear’ (= naðr; LP: fræningr).


  1. Bibliography
  2. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  3. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  4. Internal references
  5. Not published: do not cite ()
  6. Not published: do not cite ()


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