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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Jarðar 1III

[2] Hlóðyn: A name for Jǫrð, mother to Þórr and consort to Óðinn (Vsp 56/2; Gylf, SnE 2005, 52 – in the latter the name is rendered as Hlǫðyn). The origin of this name is uncertain. It is possibly the same as Hludana, an Old Germanic (earth?)-deity of the Lower Rhine, named in five inscriptions from the C2nd and C3rd AD. If so, the name could have been a loanword from Old Frisian (see ARG II, 321-2; AEW: Hlóðyn). Alternatively, Hlóðyn is explained as < *hlōþa-winjō, whose first element, hlóð-, might be related to ModNorw. lo ‘unthreshed grain’, ModSwed. dialects lod ‘hay-‘ or ‘cornstack’. The second element, ‑yn, is derived from vin f. ‘meadow’ (see ÍO: Hlóðyn, Hlǫðyn; cf. also Sigyn in Þul Ásynja 2/4 and Note). According to Finnur Jónsson (LP: Hlǫðyn, Skj B, followed by Skald, as well as by SnE 1998, I, 130 and Dronke 1997, 22, 150), the correct form of this name is Hlǫðyn. That reading is not supported by the mss, however, because all have <o> here. That is also the case in Vsp 56/2 (NK 13), and both in the present þula and in Vsp 56/2 the metre requires a long root vowel. See also VSt Erf 2/4 and Eskál Vell 26/3I.

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  5. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  6. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  7. ÍO = Ásgeir Blöndal Magnússon. 1989. Íslensk orðsifjabók. Reykjavík: Orðabók Háskólans.
  8. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  9. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  10. ARG = Vries, Jan de. 1956-7. Altgermanische Religionsgeschichte. 2 vols. 2nd edn. Berlin: de Gruyter.
  11. Dronke, Ursula, ed. and trans. 1997. The Poetic Edda. II: Mythological Poems. Oxford: Clarendon.
  12. Internal references
  13. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  14. Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Ásynja heiti 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 765.
  15. Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 26’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 315.
  16. Not published: do not cite ()
  17. Edith Marold (ed.) 2017, ‘Vǫlu-Steinn, Ǫgmundardrápa 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 429.

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