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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Á 6III

[6] Geirvimul (f.): This mythical name translates as ‘spear-swarming one’ (for -vimul, cf. Vimur in st. 1/3 above) and refers to a river filled with pointed weapons, such as the dangerous underworld river Slíðr (l. 2 above) filled with sǫxom oc sverðom ‘knives and swords’ mentioned in Vsp 36 (NK 8; see ll. 5, 6 above) and the weapon-filled river which Hadingus had to cross in Saxo’s Gesta Danorum (Saxo 2005, I, 1, 8, 14, pp. 124-5). See also Hale (1983, 172). For the suffix ‑ul, see Note to st. 4/2-3 above.


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. Saxo 2005 = Friis-Jensen, Karsten, ed. 2005. Saxo Grammaticus: Gesta Danorum / Danmarkshistorien. Trans. Peter Zeeberg. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Det danske sprog- og litteraturselskab & Gads forlag.
  4. Hale, Christopher. 1983. ‘The River Names in Grímnismál 27-29’. In Glendinning et al. 1983, 165-86.
  5. Internal references
  6. Not published: do not cite ()
  7. Not published: do not cite ()


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