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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Á 6III

[5, 6] Gǫmul … ok Geirvimul ‘Gǫmul … and Geirvimul’: Mythical rivers, lit. ‘old one and spear-swarming one’. See Gǫmul oc Geirvimul in Grí 27/7 (NK 62) and the same pair in Gylf (SnE 2005, 33). According to Sijmons and Gering (S-G I, 198), Gǫmul is most likely a substantivised f. form of the Old Norse adj. gamall ‘old’ and this name may refer to an old river bed (cf. such river names as ModGer. Alter Rhein ‘Old Rhine’ or Gamlelva in Norway). For another, less convincing interpretation, see Hale (1983, 172).


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  4. S-G = Gering, Hugo. 1927-31. Kommentar zu den Liedern der Edda. Nach dem Tode des Verfassers herausgegeben von B. Sijmons. I: Götterlieder. II: Heldenlieder. Halle: Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses.
  5. Hale, Christopher. 1983. ‘The River Names in Grímnismál 27-29’. In Glendinning et al. 1983, 165-86.
  6. Internal references
  7. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  8. Not published: do not cite ()


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