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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Á 3III

[2] Vǫnd ok Strǫnd ‘Vǫnd and Strǫnd’: The same pair of names, Vǫnd oc Strǫnd, occurs in Grí 28/9 (NK 63). Vǫnd is most likely a f. form of the adj. vandr ‘difficult’. Hale (1983, 181) proposes that Vǫnd could be related to ON vǫndr m. ‘wand, switch’ (cf. river names with the stem gand- from Norwegian dialects gand ‘thin stick’ and stav- from ON stafr ‘stick, stave’ mentioned in Rygh 1904, 63, 245). If so, Vǫnd could refer to a river that flows in a straight line. The river name Strǫnd f. ‘beach’ is difficult to interpret unless this heiti denotes a river that forms shores or banks when flooding (so Hale 1983, 181). Because Strǫnd is also found in st. 5/7 below, Finnur Jónsson (1933-4, 263 and Skj B, followed by Skald) adopts the A, B variant strind f. ‘river bank’.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  5. Finnur Jónsson. 1933-4. ‘Þulur’. APS 8, 262-72.
  6. Hale, Christopher. 1983. ‘The River Names in Grímnismál 27-29’. In Glendinning et al. 1983, 165-86.
  7. Rygh, Oluf. 1904. Norske elvenavne. Efter offentlig foranstaltning utgivne med tilføiede forklaringer af K. Rygh. Kristiania (Oslo): Cammermeyer.
  8. Internal references
  9. Not published: do not cite ()


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