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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þloft Tøgdr 4I

[All]: The relationship between the two helmingar is problematic. The most normal configuration would be that the clause beginning at l. 5 þás ‘when’ (variant þars ‘where’) is subordinate to the clause in ll. 1-4, i.e. the main clause precedes the subordinate clause. However, this produces the meaning that the ships travelled past Tjernagel, when/where they sped past Stad, which cannot be the case since Stad is some 200 kilometres north of Tjernagel. The clause in ll. 5-6 must therefore be subordinate to the following clause (ll. 7-8), although that is not the standard configuration (see Kuhn 1983, 190).


  1. Bibliography
  2. Kuhn, Hans (1899). 1983. Das Dróttkvætt. Heidelberg: Winter.


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