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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Jǫtna I 1III

[8] Gymir: The father of Gerðr (Skí 6/1, etc.). Gymir is also a name for the sea-giant Ægir (Lok prose, NK 96) and hence a heiti for ‘sea’ (see Þul Sjóvar 2/6). The origin of the name is unclear. Sahlgren (1927-8, II, 241) favours the meaning ‘protector’ (related to the weak verb geyma ‘keep, watch’) while Johansson (1912, 122-3) and Finnur Jónsson (1934-5, 301) argue that, as the name of a chthonic being, Gymir is connected with gum- (gumi m. ‘man’; Lat. homo). For other suggested etymologies, see AEW: gymir 1-2).


  1. Bibliography
  2. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  3. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  4. Sahlgren, Jöran. 1927-8. Eddica et Scaldica. Fornvästnordiska studier I-II. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Finnur Jónsson. 1934-5. ‘Þulur: Søkonge- og jættenavneremserne’. APS 9, 289-308.
  6. Johansson, K. F. 1912. ‘Über die Flexion und Etymologie des sanskr. ks‚am-’. In Xenia Lideniana: Festskrift tillägnad Prof. Evald Lidén på hans femtioårsdag, den 3 oktober 1912, 116-26.
  7. Internal references
  8. Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Sjóvar heiti 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 835.
  9. Not published: do not cite ()
  10. Not published: do not cite ()


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