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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Trollkvenna 4III

[4] Járnviðja: Lit. ‘one from Járnviðr’. This is a name for Skaði in Eyv Hál 2/4I. In Vsp 40/1-4 (NK 9) we are told that Austr sat in aldna | í Iárnviði | oc fœddi þar | Fenris kindir ‘In the east the old one sat in Járnviðr and raised the offspring of Fenrir there’. Here in aldna ‘the old one’ does not refer to Skaði, however, but to the giantess Angrboða. In a passage in Gylf (SnE 2005, 14), based on this eddic stanza, it is told that troll-women called Járnviðjur lived in the forest Járnviðr ‘Ironwood’ and gave birth to giants in the shape of wolves.


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  4. Internal references
  5. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  6. Russell Poole (ed.) 2012, ‘Eyvindr skáldaspillir Finnsson, Háleygjatal 2’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 199.
  7. Not published: do not cite ()


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