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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Trollkvenna 3III

[3] Imð: Or Imðr (so HHund I 43/6 and Hyndl 37/7). In Hyndl Imðr is one of nine giant girls (Hyndl 35/7 (NK 294) iǫtna meyiar) who gave birth to ‘one of the race of the divine powers’ (Hyndl 35/4 (NK 294) rǫgna kindar), most likely the god Heimdallr, since he calls himself the son of nine sisters in Heimdallargaldr ‘Incantation of Heimdallr’ (Gylf, SnE 2005, 26). The name is probably derived from íma or ímr ‘dark’ (Finnur Jónsson 1934-5, 306), although Motz (1981, 500, 505) connects it with íma f. ‘fight’ (but cf. ÍO: Imd) or ím n. ‘dust, ashes’. See also Note to Þjóð Haustl 2/5-8.


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. ÍO = Ásgeir Blöndal Magnússon. 1989. Íslensk orðsifjabók. Reykjavík: Orðabók Háskólans.
  4. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. Finnur Jónsson. 1934-5. ‘Þulur: Søkonge- og jættenavneremserne’. APS 9, 289-308.
  6. Motz, Lotte. 1981. ‘Giantesses and Their Names’. FS 15, 495-511.
  7. Internal references
  8. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  9. Not published: do not cite ()
  10. Not published: do not cite ()
  11. Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Þjóðólfr ór Hvini, Haustlǫng 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 434.


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