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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Hhárf Snædr 1I

[5] Dvalins ‘of Dvalinn <dwarf>’: The end of the word in Flat appears crammed so as to fit at the right-hand margin and is most straightforwardly read as i followed by the standard er abbreviation. It is copied as ‘dvalis’ in 761bˣ, however, and interpreted as ‑ins in Flat 1860-8, Skj A and Flat 1945, II, 70, and clearly this is required unless we assume an otherwise unattested heiti. The dwarf-name Dvalinn may be related to dvala, dvelja ‘delay’ and hence mean ‘(he who was) delayed’ (Acker 2002, 219, 225 n. 35) or ‘torpid’ (Þul Dverga 2/2III and Note). This and two other poetry-kennings with Dvalins as the determinant (Anon Hafg 1/2IV, HaukrV Ísldr 1/4IV) occur in what seem to have been the openings of drápur, possibly because Dvalinn was associated with occult knowledge and craftsmanship (Acker 2002, 220, 226 n. 43; Reichborn-Kjennerud 1934a, 281; Simek 1993, 67).


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj A = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15a. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. A: Tekst efter håndskrifterne. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1967. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Flat 1860-8 = Gudbrand Vigfusson [Guðbrandur Vigfússon] and C. R. Unger, eds. 1860-8. Flateyjarbók. En samling af norske konge-sagaer med indskudte mindre fortællinger om begivenheder i og udenfor Norge samt annaler. 3 vols. Christiania (Oslo): Malling.
  4. Acker, Paul and Carolyne Larrington, eds. 2002. The Poetic Edda: Essays on Old Norse Mythology. New York and London: Routledge.
  5. Simek, Rudolf. 1993. Dictionary of Northern Mythology. Trans. Angela Hall. Cambridge: D. S. Brewer.
  6. Reichborn-Kjennerud, Ingjald. 1934a. ‘Den gamle dvergetro’. In Rooth 1934, 278-88.
  7. Internal references
  8. Not published: do not cite (Anon Hafg 1IV)
  9. Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Dverga heiti 2’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 695.
  10. Alison Finlay (ed.) 2012, ‘Glúmr Geirason, Gráfeldardrápa 4’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 252.
  11. Not published: do not cite (HaukrV Ísldr 1IV)


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