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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Dverga 3III

[7] Dellingr: In Vafþr 25/1-2 this is the name of the father of Dagr (dagr ‘day’), who, according to Gylf (SnE 2005, 13), was of the race of the Æsir. That Dellingr is probably the one who is mentioned in Hávm 160/2-3 (NK 44): gól Þióðrørir, | dvergr, fyr Dellings durom ‘Þjóðrørir, the dwarf, chanted before Dellingr’s doors’. Here fyr Dellings durom ‘before Dellingr’s doors’ probably means ‘before daybreak’. See LP: Dellingr, and cf. the same line in Gestumbl Heiðr 8/3VIII (Heiðr 55) (repeated in subsequent stanzas). It could be that Dellingr in Hávm 160/3 at some point was misinterpreted as the name of a dwarf, which also appears in Fj 34/5 (see S-G I, 159, 419). The name has been explained as ‘gleaming one’ (Gould 1929, 943) or ‘glowing one’, cognate with MIr. dellrad ‘glow’ (Motz 1973, 113), but de Vries (AEW: Dellingr, Dalla) connects it with OE deall ‘proud, eminent’. See also Note to Mardǫll in Þul Ásynja 3/6.


  1. Bibliography
  2. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  3. LP = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1931. Lexicon poeticum antiquæ linguæ septentrionalis: Ordbog over det norsk-islandske skjaldesprog oprindelig forfattet af Sveinbjörn Egilsson. 2nd edn. Copenhagen: Møller.
  4. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  5. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  6. S-G = Gering, Hugo. 1927-31. Kommentar zu den Liedern der Edda. Nach dem Tode des Verfassers herausgegeben von B. Sijmons. I: Götterlieder. II: Heldenlieder. Halle: Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses.
  7. Gould, Chester N. 1929. ‘Dwarf-names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion’. PMLA 44, 938-67.
  8. Motz, Lotte. 1973. ‘New Thoughts on Dwarf-Names in Old Icelandic’. FS 7, 100-17.
  9. Internal references
  10. Hannah Burrows (ed.) 2017, ‘Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks 55 (Gestumblindi, Heiðreks gátur 8)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 417.
  11. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  12. Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Ásynja heiti 3’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 768.
  13. Not published: do not cite ()
  14. Not published: do not cite ()
  15. Not published: do not cite ()


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