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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Dverga 1III

[5] Burinn: A hap. leg. Cf. burr m. ‘son’ and Buri or Búri in Vsp 13 (NK 3 nn.), one of the names added in Hb (Hb 1892-6, 189), perhaps lit. ‘son-like one’. Ms. B has Búinn (adopted in Skj B and Skald), which could be translated as ‘one prepared (for burial)’ (cf. at búa um lík ‘to prepare a corpse for burial’; Gould 1929, 943). See also other names that describe dwarfs as the living dead: Nár ‘corpse’ (st. 2/1), Náinn ‘corpse-like one’ (st. 2/3) and Dáinn ‘dead one’ in Vsp 13 (Hb 1892-6, 188-9; see Gould 1929, 959). The LaufE mss offer Býrnir (papp10ˣ(39v)), Birner (2368ˣ(87)) and Byrner (743ˣ(68v)), none of which is attested elsewhere.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  4. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  5. Hb 1892-6 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1892-6. Hauksbók udgiven efter de Arnamagnæanske håndskrifter no. 371, 544 og 675, 4° samt forskellige papirshåndskrifter. Copenhagen: Det kongelige nordiske oldskrift-selskab.
  6. Gould, Chester N. 1929. ‘Dwarf-names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion’. PMLA 44, 938-67.
  7. Internal references
  8. Not published: do not cite ()
  9. (forthcoming), ‘ Unattributed, Laufás Edda’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <> (accessed 5 August 2021)


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