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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Dverga 1III

[1] Mótsogni: So also (Mótsognir) in the list of dwarf-names in Vsp 10/1 (NK 3) in Codex Regius, where this name comes first as well. It is given as Moðsognir in Hb (Hb 1892-6, 188) and in Gylf (SnE 2005, 15). Gould (1929, 951) argues that the correct form of the name is Móðsognir, which he explains as ‘he who roars in rage’ (cf. móðr m. ‘rage’ and svagla ‘splash, ripple, gurgle’, sœgr m. ‘noise’; cf. OE swēg, swǣg ‘noise’). However, it is more likely that the second element of the cpd is derived from the strong verb súga ‘suck’ (p. p. soginn), hence ‘one who consumes rage’ (so Motz 1973, 115).


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. Hb 1892-6 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1892-6. Hauksbók udgiven efter de Arnamagnæanske håndskrifter no. 371, 544 og 675, 4° samt forskellige papirshåndskrifter. Copenhagen: Det kongelige nordiske oldskrift-selskab.
  4. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. Gould, Chester N. 1929. ‘Dwarf-names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion’. PMLA 44, 938-67.
  6. Motz, Lotte. 1973. ‘New Thoughts on Dwarf-Names in Old Icelandic’. FS 7, 100-17.
  7. Internal references
  8. (forthcoming), ‘ Snorri Sturluson, Gylfaginning’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. . <> (accessed 5 August 2021)
  9. Not published: do not cite ()


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