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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Óðins 7III

[4] Þ*undr: The reading (normalised) þrundr found in both mss of this þula cannot be interpreted and must have been caused by scribal corruption. The correct form is probably Þundr (so the LaufE mss), one of the most frequently attested Óðinn-names (Falk 1924, 31). That name is mentioned in Grí 46/5 (NK 66: Þundr oc Uðr ‘Þundr and Uðr’) and given again in Grí 54/3, and it would have been conspicuously absent from the present list unless þrundr were a corrupt form of Þundr. The origin of Þundr is unclear. According to Falk (loc. cit.), it is related to the Old English verb þindan ‘swell’ and possibly characterises Óðinn as a god of the stormy sea (cf. Ólgr, st. 6/7). Alternatively, it could be derived from *þuniða-, cf. OE ðunian ‘crash, make noise’ (see ÍO: þundur 1), but cf. also ModIcel. þundur ‘bow’, hence perhaps ‘strained’ (so Olsen 1934, 94-5).


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. ÍO = Ásgeir Blöndal Magnússon. 1989. Íslensk orðsifjabók. Reykjavík: Orðabók Háskólans.
  4. Falk, Hjalmar. 1924. Odensheite. Skrifter utg. av Videnskapsselskapet i Kristiania. II. Hist.-filos. kl. 1924, 10. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  5. Olsen, Magnus. 1934. ‘Þundarbenda’. MM, 92-7.
  6. Internal references
  7. Not published: do not cite ()
  8. Not published: do not cite ()
  9. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].


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