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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Óðins 6III

[4] Brúni: This name could have been derived from brún f. ‘eyebrow’ (AEW: Brúni), and hence would characterise Óðinn as one with overhanging brows which hide his eyes (cf. Bileygr, st. 5/5). The name is most likely taken from the legend known from Saxo (Saxo 2005, I, 7, 12, 1, pp. 506-9, I, 8, 4, 3, pp. 518-19, I, 8, 4, 8-9, pp. 520-3), according to which Óðinn assumed the disguise of Bruno (cf. OHG Prūno), the confidant of Haraldr hilditannr ‘War-tooth’, and, acting as the driver of the king’s chariot, he treacherously killed him at the epic battle of Brávellir (cf. Falk 1924, 5). The name is not mentioned in other lists of Óðinn-heiti, nor does it otherwise occur in poetry, but it is attested in the rímur (Finnur Jónsson 1926-8: Brúni) and it is a dwarf-name in the Hb version of Vsp 13/3 (NK 3).


  1. Bibliography
  2. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  3. Finnur Jónsson. 1926-8. Ordbog til de af samfund til udg. af gml. nord. litteratur udgivne Rímur samt til de af Dr. O. Jiriczek udgivne Bósarímur. SUGNL 51. Copenhagen: Jørgensen.
  4. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  5. Saxo 2005 = Friis-Jensen, Karsten, ed. 2005. Saxo Grammaticus: Gesta Danorum / Danmarkshistorien. Trans. Peter Zeeberg. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Det danske sprog- og litteraturselskab & Gads forlag.
  6. Falk, Hjalmar. 1924. Odensheite. Skrifter utg. av Videnskapsselskapet i Kristiania. II. Hist.-filos. kl. 1924, 10. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  7. Internal references
  8. Not published: do not cite ()


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