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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Óðins 6III

[2] Viðurr: In Grí 49/7 (NK 67) the name is interpreted as that of a war god (Viðurr at vígum ‘Viðurr in battles’), which may be connected with the weak verb viða ‘kill, destroy’ (see Noreen 1912a, 1-3); hence ‘destroyer, killer’. Alternatively, Falk (1924, 33) argues that this Óðinn-heiti was originally an eponym which is still preserved in place names in Bohuslän, Sweden, e.g. Väderöar, Väderfjord (cf. OE Weder-Gēatas or Wed(e)ras pl. ‘the Geats’, a tribe from southern Scandinavia mentioned in Beowulf ll. 225, 423, 1492 etc.). This Óðinn-name occurs quite frequently in poetry.


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. Falk, Hjalmar. 1924. Odensheite. Skrifter utg. av Videnskapsselskapet i Kristiania. II. Hist.-filos. kl. 1924, 10. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  4. Noreen, Adolf. 1912a. ‘Till Ynglingatal’. In Xenia Lideniana: Festskrift tillägnad Prof. Evald Lidén på hans femtioårsdag, den 3 oktober 1912. Stockholm: Norstedt, 1-15.
  5. Internal references
  6. Not published: do not cite ()
  7. Not published: do not cite ()


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