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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Óðins 6III

[1] Sviðurr: See also Sviðrir in l. 3 below (cf. Grí 50/1 (NK 67): Sviðurr oc Sviðrir ‘Sviðurr and Sviðrir’), Sviðarr in Gylf (Gylf gives all these derivational variants; see SnE 2005, 8, 22), and Sviðuðr (st. 4/2 above). None of these forms is otherwise attested in skaldic poetry. The names may be derived from sviða f. ‘spear’ (Óðinn is named after his spear, Gungnir; so Falk 1924, 28). Skm provides another explanation for Sviðurr, which is said to be an eponym of the Svíar ‘Swedes’ (SnE 1998, I, 105): Svíþjóð [var kallaðr] af nafni Sviðursþat er ok heiti Óðins ‘Sweden was named after Sviðurr’s name – that is also one of Óðinn’s names’. For other suggested interpretations, see AEW: Sviðrir, Sviðuðr, Sviðurr.


  1. Bibliography
  2. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  3. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  4. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  6. Falk, Hjalmar. 1924. Odensheite. Skrifter utg. av Videnskapsselskapet i Kristiania. II. Hist.-filos. kl. 1924, 10. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  7. Internal references
  8. Not published: do not cite (SkmIII)
  9. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  10. Not published: do not cite ()


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