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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Óðins 5III

[2] Herjafǫðr: So A and the LaufE mss. Lit. ‘father of hosts’. The first part of the cpd is gen. pl. of herr m. ‘men, army’, hence like many of his names this heiti characterises Óðinn as a war-god. The name is known from eddic poems (e.g. Vsp 43/4, Vafþr 2/2, Grí 19/3, 25/2, 26/2). According to Falk (1924, 17), the B variant Herjansfǫðr may be influenced by Herjans fǫður (acc.) in the Flat redaction of Hyndl 2/1 (NK 288), while Strandberg (2008, 108-9) also entertains the possibility that the first part of that cpd may be identical with the Óðinn-name Herjann (see st. 2/5 above). Cf. also Herfǫðr, Óðinn’s name in Vsp 29/1, Aldafǫðr (see Note to st. 1/4 above) and such Óðinn-heiti as Hertýr (Eskál Vell 5/2I) and Hergautr (Bragi Rdr 5/8)


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. Falk, Hjalmar. 1924. Odensheite. Skrifter utg. av Videnskapsselskapet i Kristiania. II. Hist.-filos. kl. 1924, 10. Kristiania (Oslo): Dybwad.
  4. Strandberg, Mathias. 2008. ‘On the Etymology of Compounded Old Icelandic Óðinn names with the Second Component -fǫðr’. SI 59, 93-120.
  5. Internal references
  6. Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Bragi inn gamli Boddason, Ragnarsdrápa 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 35.
  7. Not published: do not cite ()
  8. Not published: do not cite ()
  9. Edith Marold (ed.) 2012, ‘Einarr skálaglamm Helgason, Vellekla 5’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 289.
  10. Not published: do not cite ()
  11. Not published: do not cite ()
  12. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Laufás Edda (LaufE)’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].


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