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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Sækonunga 1III

[1] Atli: This name occurs only in one kenning (HaukrV Ísldr 5/2IV). It is a common pers. n., originally perhaps a nickname derived from the weak form of the adj. atall ‘fierce, savage’ (see Atall, l. 6). Cf. the word-play in HHj 15/1-2 (NK 144): Atli ec heiti, | atall scal ec þér vera ‘My name is Savage, I shall be savage to you’ (here of Atli Iðmundarson). In Old Norse tradition, the name Atli was identified with that of Attila, King of the Huns (d. 453), who appears as Atli Buðlason in Akv and Am. Aside from Atli Buðlason, there are several legendary princes and vikings of this name in eddic poetry and in the fornaldarsögur (e.g. Atli the son of Hringr in HHund I 52/3 and Atli víkingr in Frið ch. 82, FSN II, 82). Hence it is not clear who is meant here. Atli is also a name for Þórr (Þul Þórs l. 1).


  1. Bibliography
  2. FSN = Rafn, Carl Christian, ed. 1829-30. Fornaldar sögur nordrlanda. 3 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  3. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  4. Internal references
  5. 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Friðþjófs saga ins frœkna’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 190.
  6. Not published: do not cite ()
  7. Not published: do not cite ()
  8. Not published: do not cite ()
  9. Not published: do not cite (HaukrV Ísldr 5IV)
  10. Not published: do not cite ()
  11. Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Þórs heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 758.


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