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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Þul Valkyrja 1III

[3] Hrist, Mist: The literal meaning of these names is ‘shaking one’ (cf. the weak verb hrista ‘shake’) and ‘mist’ (probably from mistr m. ‘mist, fog’; see AEW: mistr). As in the present þula, in Grí 36/1 (NK 64) the pair Hrist oc Mist ‘Hrist and Mist’ are mentioned at the very beginning of the list of valkyries who wait on the warriors (einherjar) in Valhǫll (so also Gylf, SnE 2005, 30). Both names are also listed among meyjar Óðins ‘Óðinn’s maids’ in Þul Ásynja (see st. 4/4, 6 and Note to [All] there).


  1. Bibliography
  2. AEW = Vries, Jan de. 1962. Altnordisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. 2nd rev. edn. Rpt. 1977. Leiden: Brill.
  3. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  4. SnE 2005 = Snorri Sturluson. 2005. Edda: Prologue and Gylfaginning. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2nd edn. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  5. Internal references
  6. Not published: do not cite (GylfIII)
  7. Not published: do not cite ()
  8. Elena Gurevich 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Ásynja heiti’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 762.


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