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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Gestumbl Heiðr 4VIII (Heiðr 51)

[1] hverr er sá inn … ‘who is that …’: Lit. ‘Who is that, the …’. This formula also begins the following two riddles, as well as Gestumbl Heiðr 30 (Heiðr 77). A similar formula occurs in Lok 44/1 (NK 105) Hvat er þat iþ litla ‘What is that, the little one’. The stanza, which is riddling in form, describes Freyr’s servant Byggvir, who replies, identifying himself, in the following stanza.


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. Internal references
  4. Hannah Burrows (ed.) 2017, ‘Hervarar saga ok Heiðreks 77 (Gestumblindi, Heiðreks gátur 30)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 444.
  5. Not published: do not cite ()


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