Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to ÞGísl Búdr 8I

[2] svanr … gladdi ‘the swan … was gladdened’: All mss have this reading, in which gladdi is 3rd pers. sg. pret. indic. of gleðja, and it is retained here, but the construction is unusual. The verb is normally transitive, and previous eds have supplied a direct object by emending to svan, hence ‘he gladdened the swan…’ (so Skj B, followed in Skald). Alternatively, one could expect the sense ‘was gladdened’ to be expressed by m. v. gladdisk, and Fms (tentatively; also Wisén 1870, 65 and Ólafur Halldórsson 2000) emends accordingly.


  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Fms = Sveinbjörn Egilsson et al., eds. 1825-37. Fornmanna sögur eptir gömlum handritum útgefnar að tilhlutun hins norræna fornfræða fèlags. 12 vols. Copenhagen: Popp.
  4. Skald = Kock, Ernst Albin, ed. 1946-50. Den norsk-isländska skaldediktningen. 2 vols. Lund: Gleerup.
  5. Wisén, Theodor, ed. 1870. Úrval af norrænum fornkvæðum handa hinum bókmennta-iðkendum. Lund: Berling.
  6. Ólafur Halldórsson. 2000. Danish Kings and the Jomsvikings in the Greatest Saga of Óláfr Tryggvason. London: Viking Society for Northern Research.


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