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skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to Eyv Hál 2I

[1] skjaldblœtr ‘shield-worshipped’: The element -blœtr appears to be etymologically related to blót, blóta ‘sacrifice, worship’; on its morphology, see Hkr 1893-1901, IV. The description ‘shield-worshipped’ may allude to a practice of incantation by warriors from under their shields as a prelude to battle (Hávm 156; possibly also Egill Lv 30V (Eg 59)); Tacitus reports a similar practice among Germanic warriors as a form of divination before battle (Björn Magnússon Ólsen 1902, 196-8; Anderson 1938, 1, 3, 1; Mattingly 1970, 103; Marold 2001b, 96 and n. 38). Another explanation of skjaldblœtr might be that shields were sacrificed to Óðinn, although clear archaeological or literary evidence for such a practice in the Viking Age is lacking. The reading of F, skaldblœtr ‘worshipped by skalds’, is preferred by Finnur Jónsson (Hkr 1893-1901; Skj B) but is probably a lectio facilior (Björn Magnússon Ólsen 1902, 196).

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. Skj B = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1912-15b. Den norsk-islandske skjaldedigtning. B: Rettet tekst. 2 vols. Copenhagen: Villadsen & Christensen. Rpt. 1973. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.
  3. Hkr 1893-1901 = Finnur Jónsson, ed. 1893-1901. Heimskringla: Nóregs konunga sǫgur af Snorri Sturluson. 4 vols. SUGNL 23. Copenhagen: Møller.
  4. Björn Magnússon Ólsen. 1902. ‘Strøbemærkninger til norske og islandske skjaldedigte’. ANF 18, 195-210.
  5. Anderson, J. G. C., ed. 1938. Cornelii Taciti De origine et situ Germanorum. Oxford: Clarendon.
  6. Marold, Edith. 2001b. ‘The Relationship between Verses and Prose in Bjarnar saga Hítdœlakappa’. In Poole 2001a, 75-124.
  7. Mattingly, H., trans. 1970. Tacitus. The Agricola and the Germania. Rev. edn by S. A. Handford. London: Penguin.
  8. Internal references
  9. Not published: do not cite (RunVI)
  10. Not published: do not cite (Egill Lv 30V (Eg 59))
  11. Not published: do not cite ()

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