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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to RvHbreiðm Hl 5III

[All]: This and the next stanza commemorate the deeds and death of the legendary hero Hǫgni Gjúkason (Hagen of the Nibelungenlied; see SnE 1998, I, 47-9; NK 240-63; Vǫls chs 38-9; Norn; Akv; Am). According to Norse legend, Hǫgni was the brother of Gunnarr Gjúkason, the hero eulogised in sts 7-8 below. At the instigation of their sister, Guðrún, Atli Buðlason, their brother-in-law, invited them to his home and attempted to force them to reveal the location of the Niflung treasure, which they refused to do. The brothers were captured after fierce fighting, and when they yet again refused to disclose the location of the treasure, Atli had Hǫgni’s heart cut out of his living body, and Gunnarr was thrown into a snake-pit where he eventually died (see st. 8 below).


  1. Bibliography
  2. NK = Neckel, Gustav and Hans Kuhn (1899), eds. 1983. Edda: Die Lieder des Codex Regius nebst verwandten Denkmälern. 2 vols. I: Text. 5th edn. Heidelberg: Winter.
  3. SnE 1998 = Snorri Sturluson. 1998. Edda: Skáldskaparmál. Ed. Anthony Faulkes. 2 vols. University College London: Viking Society for Northern Research.
  4. Vǫls = Vǫlsunga saga.
  5. Internal references
  6. Not published: do not cite ()
  7. Not published: do not cite ()
  8. Not published: do not cite ()


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