Cookies on our website

We use cookies on this website, mainly to provide a secure browsing experience but also to collect statistics on how the website is used. You can find out more about the cookies we set, the information we store and how we use it on the cookies page.

Continue

skaldic

Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

Menu Search
Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 8. Introduction 6. Metres, Poetic Diction and Normalisation 1. Metres 7. Runhent

7. Runhent

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘Runhent’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols [check printed volume for citation].

Runhent is a subset of skaldic metres employing end rhyme rather than internal rhyme. Most commonly the rhymes are attached to the ends of alliterative fornyrðislag lines, as is shown by st. 4 of Einarr Skúlason’s Runhenda (ESk Run, c. 1155):

Funi kyndisk jótt,
en ýði skjótt
Hísingar herr,
sás hafði verr.

Funi kyndisk fljótt, en herr Hísingar, sás hafði verr, flýði skjótt. ‘Fire was kindled quickly, and the people of Hisingen, who had the worst of it, fled fast.’

Other poems and lausavísur in SkP II composed in runhent with four metrical positions are Þjóðólfr Arnórsson’s praise poem to King Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson (ÞjóðA Run) and Sneglu-Halli’s (SnH) Lv 11 (both from the eleventh century). End rhyme could also be added to alliterative hexasyllabic metres (i.e. replacing the internal rhymes in dróttkvætt), and that is the case in five lausavísur from the twelfth century, namely, Anon (Hsona) 1, Rv Lv 31, Hbreiðm Lv, Árm Lv 3 and BjKálfs Lv. Consider lines 1-4 of BjKálfs Lv:

Fant sék hvern á hesti,
hérs nú siðr inn vesti
leið eigum vér langa
en lendir menn ganga.

Sék hvern fant á hesti, en lendir menn ganga; hérs nú inn vesti siðr; vér eigum langa leið. ‘I see every servant on a horse and the district chieftains are walking; now here’s the worst habit; we have a long way [to go].’

References

  1. Bibliography
  2. SkP II = Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Ed. Kari Ellen Gade. 2009.
  3. Internal references
  4. Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Einarr Skúlason, Runhenda’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 551-9.
  5. Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2009, ‘Anonymous Lausavísur, Lausavísur from Haraldssona saga 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 836.
  6. Judith Jesch (ed.) 2009, ‘Rǫgnvaldr jarl Kali Kolsson, Lausavísur 31’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 607-8.
Close

Log in

This service is only available to members of the relevant projects, and to purchasers of the skaldic volumes published by Brepols.
This service uses cookies. By logging in you agree to the use of cookies on your browser.

Close