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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Úlfrauð Útkv 2VIII (Hálf 42)

Hubert Seelow (ed.) 2017, ‘Hálfs saga ok Hálfsrekka 42 (Úlfr inn rauði, Útsteinskviða 2)’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry in fornaldarsögur. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 8. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 338.

Úlfr inn rauðiÚtsteinskviða

text and translation

Munu þeir efri verða,         Úlfs synir:
Oddr ok Örnólfr,         Áti inn svarti,
Börkr ok Brynjólfr,         Búi, Harðskafi,
Rauðr inn rammi,         ef þú reynir til.

Þeir munu efri verða, synir Úlfs: Oddr ok Örnólfr, Áti inn svarti, Börkr ok Brynjólfr, Búi, Harðskafi, Rauðr inn rammi, ef þú reynir til.
‘They will prevail, Úlfr’s sons: Oddr and Ǫrnólfr, Áti inn svarti (‘the Black’), Bǫrkr and Brynjólfr, Búi, Harðskafi, Rauðr inn rammi (‘the Strong’), if you make an attempt.

notes and context

This stanza is introduced by the words: Úlfr kvað ‘Úlfr said’.

[1-2]: Both these lines are irregular metrically, l. 1 being hypermetrical, and l. 2 hypometrical. Previous eds have rearranged them in various ways in order to achieve metrical regularity; Edd. Min., Hálf 1909 and Skj B have Munu Úlfs synir | øfri verða, while Skald has Munu þeir øfri, | Úlfs synir, verða, but this latter is unmetrical.


Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XIII], E. 6. Vers af Fornaldarsagaer: Af Hálfssaga VIII 5: AII, 263, BII, 284, Skald II, 149, FF §40; Hálf 1864, 28, Hálf 1909, 115, FSGJ 2, 120, Hálf 1981, 187-8; Edd. Min. 72.


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