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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hfr ErfÓl 3I

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, Erfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar 3’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 405.

Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld ÓttarssonErfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar

text and translation

Geta skal máls, þess’s mæla
menn at vápna sennu
dolga fangs við drengi
dáðǫflgan bǫr kvôðu:
baðat hertryggðar hyggja
hnekkir sína rekka
— þess lifa þjóðar sessa
þróttarorð — á flótta.

Geta skal máls, þess’s menn kvôðu {dáðǫflgan bǫr {fangs dolga}} mæla við drengi at {sennu vápna}: {hnekkir hertryggðar} baðat rekka sína hyggja á flótta; þróttarorð {þess sessa þjóðar} lifa.
‘One must mention the speech which men reported the deed-mighty tree of the tunic of strife [MAIL-SHIRT > WARRIOR] addressed to the warriors at the flyting of weapons [BATTLE]: the confounder of the army’s security [WARRIOR] did not ask his men to think of flight; the forceful words of this bench-mate of the people [RULER] live on.

notes and context

Óláfr’s captains suggest the fleet sail on from Svǫlðr rather than fight against overwhelming odds, but Óláfr declares neither he nor his men will think of fleeing.

[7-8]: Glúmr Gráf 8/3 and BjBp Jóms 41/8 are further examples of the topos of the lasting fame of a king’s or hero’s þróttarorð ‘forceful words’ (lit. ‘words of power, endurance’); see also Jesch (2001a, 217). Þróttarorð is treated as a cpd in this edn on grounds of its recurrence in Gráf and Jóms; it could alternatively be treated as two words (as in Skj B; ÍF 25; ÍF 26).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld, 3. Óláfsdrápa, erfidrápa 2: AI, 159, BI, 150, Skald I, 82, NN §2448; Fsk 1902-3, 124 (ch. 22), ÍF 29, 152-3 (ch. 24); ÓTOdd 1932, 207, ÍF 25, 322; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 439, IV, 96, ÍF 26, 356, Hkr 1991, I, 241 (ÓTHkr ch. 102), F 1871, 161; SHI 2, 292, ÓT 1958-2000, II, 259-60 (ch. 249), Flat 1860-8, I, 479.


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