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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Hfr ErfÓl 13I

Kate Heslop (ed.) 2012, ‘Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld Óttarsson, Erfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar 13’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 419.

Hallfreðr vandræðaskáld ÓttarssonErfidrápa Óláfs Tryggvasonar

text and translation

Hverr vas hræddr við ǫrvan
hugdyggvan son Tryggva
— óðusk malmþings meiðar —
maðr und sólar jaðri.

Hverr maðr und {jaðri sólar} vas hræddr við {ǫrvan, hugdyggvan son Tryggva}; {meiðar {malmþings}} óðusk.
‘Every man under the borderland of the sun [SKY] was afraid of the swift, steadfast son of Tryggvi [= Óláfr]; poles of the metal meeting [BATTLE > WARRIORS] felt dread.

notes and context

The battle continues; Óláfr is a prominent and terrifying presence.

[2]: The aðalhending on Óláfr’s patronym Tryggva is also found in sts 20/4, 23/8 and 28/4, and the line itself is taken up with slight variation in HSt Rst 34/2.


Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Hallfrøðr Óttarsson vandræðaskáld, 3. Óláfsdrápa, erfidrápa 12: AI, 161, BI, 152-3, Skald I, 83; SHI 2, 316-17, ÓT 1958-2000, II, 276-7 (ch. 252).


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