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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anon Bjark 5III

Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Poems, Bjarkamál in fornu 5’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 502.

Anonymous PoemsBjarkamál in fornu

text and translation

Ýtti ǫrr hilmir         — aldir við tóku —
Sifjar svarðfestum,         svelli dalnauðar,
tregum Otrs gjǫldum,         tôrum Mardallar,
eldi Órunar,         Iðja glysmôlum.

Ǫrr hilmir ýtti – aldir tóku við – {{svarðfestum} Sifjar}, {svelli {dalnauðar}}, {tregum gjǫldum Otrs}, {tôrum Mardallar}, {eldi Órunar}, {glysmôlum Iðja}.
‘The generous prince distributed – the men received [it] – Sif’s <goddess’s> scalp-cords [HAIR > GOLD], ice of the bow-compulsion [ARM > SILVER], the reluctant payment for Otr [GOLD], the tears of Mardǫll <= Freyja> [GOLD], the fire of Órun <river> [GOLD], the shining speeches of Iði <giant> [GOLD].

notes and context

As for st. 4.

Aside from the silver-kenning in l. 4, all the other kennings in this stanza are gold-kennings based on allusions to myths or mythological entities.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [X], II. A. Bjarkamál en fornu 5: AI, 181, BI, 171, Skald I, 91; SnE 1848-87, I, 402-3, II, 321-2, 432, 516, 581, III, 68-9, SnE 1931, 143, SnE 1998, I, 60-1; LaufE 1979, 271-2, 349.


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