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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Sjóvar 4III

Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Sjóvar heiti 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 836.

Anonymous ÞulurSjóvar heiti

text and translation

Hefring, alda,         hvítingr ok lá,
Hrǫnn, Rán, Kolga         ok Himinglæva,
Drǫfn, Uðr ok solmr,         Dúfa, Bylgja,
boði ok Bára,         Blóðughadda.

Hefring, alda, hvítingr ok lá, Hrǫnn, Rán, Kolga ok Himinglæva, Drǫfn, Uðr ok solmr, Dúfa, Bylgja, boði ok Bára, Blóðughadda.
‘Hefring, wave, white one and shore-line, Hrǫnn, Rán, Kólga and Himinglæva, Drǫfn, Uðr and sweller, Dúfa, Bylgja, shoal and Bára, Blóðughadda.

notes and context

Most of the sea-heiti listed in this stanza are the names of the daughters of Ægir and Rán, each daughter being the personification of a wave. According to Skm (SnE 1998, I, 95), Ægir and Rán had nine daughters whose names are also known from Þul Waves (see also ESk Frag 17 and Notes there, as well as Gestumbl Heiðr 21VIII (Heiðr 68), Gestumbl Heiðr 24VIII (Heiðr 71)): Himinglæva ‘heaven-bright one’, Dúfa ‘dip’, Blóðughadda ‘bloody-haired one’, Hefring ‘lifting one’, Uðr ‘wave’, Hrǫnn ‘wave’, Bylgja ‘billow’, Drǫfn ‘turbid one’ and Kólga ‘cold one’. However, in the section on kennings (Skm, SnE 1998, I, 36), we find a slightly different list of names, in which Bára ‘bore, tidal wave’ appears instead of Drǫfn; hence Bára is treated as a pers. n. along with other names for waves presented here.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], IV. u. Sjóvar heiti 4: AI, 669, BI, 666, Skald I, 331; SnE 1848-87, I, 575, II, 479, 562, 622, SnE 1931, 205, SnE 1998, I, 124.


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