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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Ásynja 4III

Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Ásynja heiti 4’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 770.

Anonymous ÞulurÁsynja heiti

text and translation

Enn eru aðrar         Óðins meyjar:
Hildr ok Gǫndul,         Hlǫkk, Mist, Skǫgul;
þá es Hrund ok Eir,         Hrist, Skuld talið.

Enn eru aðrar meyjar Óðins: Hildr ok Gǫndul, Hlǫkk, Mist, Skǫgul; þá es Hrund ok Eir, Hrist, Skuld talið.
‘There are yet other maids of Óðinn: Hildr and Gǫndul, Hlǫkk, Mist, Skǫgul; then Hrund and Eir, Hrist, Skuld are listed.

notes and context

In ms. this stanza starts with a capital letter and it is separated from st. 3 by an empty space (see Introduction above). — [1-2]: The maids of Óðinn listed in this stanza are valkyries (valkyrjur ‘choosers of the slain’), whose duty, as stated in the eddic Grí 36 and in Gylf (SnE 2005, 30), is to serve ale to the warriors (einherjar) in Valhǫll. Óðinn sends the valkyries to battles to allot death to warriors and govern victory. All valkyries mentioned here are enumerated in Þul Valkyrja as well (see Notes to the respective stanzas). As is the case with the other names of valkyries used in poetic language, these occur as base-words in kennings for ‘woman’ and as determinants mostly in kennings for ‘man’ and ‘battle’.



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], IV. h. Ásynja heiti 4: AI, 659, BI, 661, Skald I, 326; SnE 1848-87, I, 557, II, 474, 557, 617, SnE 1931, 198, SnE 1998, I, 115.


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