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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Þul Ásynja 1III

Elena Gurevich (ed.) 2017, ‘Anonymous Þulur, Ásynja heiti 1’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 763.

Anonymous ÞulurÁsynja heiti

text and translation

Nú skal ásynjur         allar nefna:
Frigg ok Freyja,         Fulla ok Snotra,
Gerðr ok Gefjun,         Gná, Lofn, Skaði,
Jǫrð ok Iðunn,         Ilmr, Bil, Njǫrun.

Nú skal nefna allar ásynjur: Frigg ok Freyja, Fulla ok Snotra, Gerðr ok Gefjun, Gná, Lofn, Skaði, Jǫrð ok Iðunn, Ilmr, Bil, Njǫrun.
‘Now all the Ásynjur shall be named: Frigg and Freyja, Fulla and Snotra, Gerðr and Gefjun, Gná, Lofn, Skaði, Jǫrð and Iðunn, Ilmr, Bil, Njǫrun.

notes and context

Most of the names of Ásynjur listed in st. 1 frequently occur as base-words in kennings for ‘woman’: Freyja (l. 3), Fulla (l. 4), Gerðr (l. 5), Gná, Lofn (l. 6), Jǫrð (l. 7), Ilmr, Bil and Njǫrun (l. 8). They are therefore also included in Þul Kvenna II (i.e. the list of Kvenna heiti ókend).



Text is based on reconstruction from the base text and variant apparatus and may contain alternative spellings and other normalisations not visible in the manuscript text. Transcriptions may not have been checked and should not be cited.

editions and texts

Skj: Anonyme digte og vers [XII], IV. h. Ásynja heiti 1: AI, 658, BI, 661, Skald I, 325; SnE 1848-87, I, 556, II, 473, 557, 617, SnE 1931, 197, SnE 1998, I, 114.


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