arfi ‘heir, son’: The convention of a father addressing his son is frequent in wisdom poetry, as in Hsv 1. The dead father’s heir(s) are also the audience of the poem; ‘father’ may also denote a priest and his son(s) the congregation as Njörður Njarðvík (1991, 102) notes. Under what circumstances, whether in a dream or in a vision, the father narrates the poem to his son is never made explicit, but the notion of occult wisdom being revealed to a young man by his senior male kinsmen is found in ON myth, as well as in stock motifs of fornaldarsögur.
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