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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Eil Þdr 3III l. 3

sóknar — of battle


sókn (noun f.; °-ar; -ir): attack, fight



[3, 4] Rǫgnir galdrs hapts sóknar ‘the Rǫgnir <= Óðinn> of the incantation of the god of battle [= Óðinn > BATTLE > WARRIOR = Þjálfi]’: This warrior-kenning is formed according to the pattern ‘god of battle’, and it expresses ‘battle’ periphrastically as ‘incantation of Óðinn’. For ‘incantation’ as the base-word in battle-kennings, see Meissner 176-7. Almost all eds agree that Rǫgnir must be the base-word of a kenning for Þjálfi, but they construe the kenning with different determinants. Finnur Jónsson (1900b, 378; Skj B) opts for Rǫgnir sóknar ‘Rǫgnir of battle’; Kock (NN §445) proposes the Óðinn-kenning Rǫgnir galdrs ‘Rǫgnir of magic’, which is rejected by Reichardt (1948, 339) on the grounds that Óðinn is out of the question as a companion of Þórr. Reichardt (1948, 339-41) therefore interprets the same kenning as a periphrasis for Loki, much in the same way as Kiil (1956, 101), who expands this supposed Loki-kenning to rǫgnir sagna galdrs ‘leader of the troops of magic’. In the extant Old Norse mythology, there are no connections between Loki and magic incantations, however.



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