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Halldórr ókristni (Hókr)

11th century; volume 1; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

Eiríksflokkr (Eirfl) - 8

Nothing is known about Halldórr ókristni ‘the Un-Christian’ (Hókr) aside from the fact that, according to Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 257, 266, 280), he was one of Eiríkr jarl Hákonarson’s poets. His nickname indicates that he must have been reluctant to convert to Christianity, and it is not surprising that he is connected with the court of the jarls of Hlaðir (Lade), given that Eiríkr’s father, Hákon jarl Sigurðarson, was the last heathen ruler of Norway. The eight stanzas below are what remain of Halldórr’s poetic oeuvre, and they show that he was well versed in myth and heroic legend and, in particular, that he was familiar with the poetry of earlier and contemporary skalds. In Skj, Finnur Jónsson gives his ethnicity as Icelandic, but that cannot be ascertained.

Eiríksflokkr (‘Flokkr about Eiríkr’) — Hókr EirflI

Kari Ellen Gade 2012, ‘ Halldórr ókristni, Eiríksflokkr’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 469. <> (accessed 2 July 2022)

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8 

Skj: Haldórr ókristni: Eiríksflokkr, o. 1010 (AI, 202-4, BI, 193-5)

SkP info: I, 471

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

1 — Hókr Eirfl 1I

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance


Cite as: Kari Ellen Gade (ed.) 2012, ‘Halldórr ókristni, Eiríksflokkr 1’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 471.

Út bauð jǫfra hneitir
élmóðr af Svíþjóðu
— sunnr helt gramr til gunnar —
gunnbliks liði miklu.
Hverr vildi þá haulda
hrægeitunga feitir
— môr fekk á sæ sára
sylg — Eireki fylgja.

{Hneitir jǫfra}, {{gunnbliks} él}móðr, bauð út miklu liði af Svíþjóðu; gramr helt sunnr til gunnar. {Hverr feitir {hrægeitunga}} haulda vildi þá fylgja Eireki; {môr sára} fekk sylg á sæ.

{The striker of princes} [RULER = Eiríkr], eager for {the storm {of the battle-gleam}} [(lit. ‘storm-eager of battle-gleam’) SWORD > BATTLE] summoned a large troop from Sweden; the ruler steered south to battle. {Every fattener {of carrion-birds}} [RAVENS/EAGLES > WARRIOR] among freeholders then wished to accompany Eiríkr; {the seagull of wounds} [RAVEN/EAGLE] got a drink at sea.

texts: Flat 324, ÓT 154, ÓTC 51 (I 154), Hkr 182 (I 154)

editions: Skj Haldórr ókristni: Eiríksflokkr 1 (AI, 202; BI, 193); Skald I, 101, NN §§554, 1853B; Hkr 1893-1901, I, 431, IV, 95, ÍF 26, 350 (ÓTHkr ch. 98), F 1871, 158; ÓT 1958-2000, II, 247-8 (ch. 245), Flat 1860-8, I, 473.


AM 35 folx (Kx) 206r, 10 - 206r, 17 (Hkr)  transcr.  image  image  
AM 45 fol (F) 35ra, 27 - 35ra, 30 (Hkr)  image  image  image  image  
AM 37 folx (J1x) 127r, 11 - 127r, 15 (Hkr)  image  
AM 38 folx (J2x) 111v, 24 - 111v, 31 (Hkr)  image  
AM 61 fol (61) 65vb, 37 - 66ra, 2 (ÓT)  image  image  
AM 53 fol (53) 62vb, 22 - 62vb, 25 (ÓT)  image  
AM 54 fol (54) 61rb, 17 - 61rb, 19 [3-8] (ÓT)  image  
Holm perg 1 fol (Bb) 96vb, 32 - 96vb, 34 [3-8] (ÓT)  image  
GKS 1005 fol (Flat) 63rb, 1 - 63rb, 4 (ÓT)  image  image  image  
Runic data from Samnordisk runtextdatabas, Uppsala universitet, unless otherwise stated