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Runic Dictionary

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Gamli kanóki (Gamlkan)

12th century; volume 7; ed. Katrina Attwood;

1. Harmsól (Has) - 65

Gamli kanóki ‘canon Gamli’ (where the name Gamli, ‘the old one’ may itself be a nickname) is best known as the author of the poem Harmsól ‘Sun of Sorrow’, which is explicitly ascribed to him in a marginal note at the beginning of the poem on fol. 12r, l. 42 of the sole surviving ms., AM 757 a 4° (B): Harmsol er gamle orti kanokeHarmsól, which canon Gamli composed’. Gamli is also mentioned by name in Jóns saga postula (Jón4), where the author of the prose text prefaces the quotation of four sts from Gamli’s Jónsdrápa with the information: Annan mann til óðgirðar signaðum Johanni nefnum vér Gamla kanunk austr í Þykkvabœ, hann orti drápu dyrligum Johanni ‘As the second man to have composed a poem to blessed John we [I] name canon Gamli in the east at Þykkvabœr, he composed a drápa to S. John’ (Jón4 1874, 510). In a remark before the fourth st. Gamli is referred to as bróðir Gamli ‘Brother Gamli’ (Jón4 1874, 511). Þykkvabœr was an Augustinian monastery in south-eastern Iceland founded in 1168; Gamli was thus an Augustinian canon (or canon regular) of this community. His floruit can be inferred from the date of the foundation of Þykkvabœr as being in the mid- to late C12th.

files
file 2006-12-15 - Gamli kanoki w. MCR corrections

Harmsól (‘Sun of Sorrow’) — Gamlkan HasVII

Katrina Attwood 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Gamli kanóki, Harmsól’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 70-132.

stanzas:  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14   15   16   17   18   19   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   28   29   30   31   32   33   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42   43   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65 

Skj: Gamli kanóki: 2. Harmsól, „er gamle orti kanoke“ (AI, 562-72, BI, 548-65)

SkP info: VII, 116-17

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

49 — Gamlkan Has 49VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Katrina Attwood (ed.) 2007, ‘Gamli kanóki, Harmsól 49’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 116-17.

Drengr réð brátt at beiða
buðlung ept hag þungan
hǫppum reifðr, sem hœfði,
himinríkis sér líkna.
Fekk an fyrr af søkkva
fríðr landreka síðan
— hann réttisk svá — sunnu
sætrs vingjafar mætri.

Drengr, hǫppum reifðr, réð brátt ept þungan hag at beiða {buðlung himinríkis} sér líkna, sem hœfði. Fríðr fekk síðan mætri vingjafar an fyrr af {landreka {søkkva {sætrs sunnu}}}; hann réttisk svá.

The man, endowed with successes, quickly resolved after his grievous sinfulness to beg {the lord of the kingdom of heaven} [= God] for mercies for himself, as was fitting. The noble one received then more glorious gifts of friendship than before from {the land-ruler {of the treasures {of the seat of the sun}}} [SKY/HEAVEN > HEAVENLY BODIES > = God]; he put himself right in this way.

editions: Skj Gamli kanóki: 2. Harmsól 49 (AI, 569; BI, 560-1); Skald I, 272,  NN §1208; Sveinbjörn Egilsson 1844, 29, Kempff 1867, 15, Rydberg 1907, 28, Jón Helgason 1935-6, 259-60, Black 1971, 261, Attwood 1996a, 234.

sources

AM 757 a 4° (B) 13r, 35 - 13r, 37  transcr.  image  image  image  image  
Lbs 444 4°x (444x) -  
JS 399 a-b 4°x (399a-bx) -  
AM 757 a 4° (BRydberg) -  
AM 757 a 4° (BFJ) -  
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