Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

login: password: stay logged in: help

Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson (Hharð)

11th century; volume 2; ed. Kari Ellen Gade;

2. Lausavísur (Lv) - 15

Skj info: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði, Norsk konge, 1046-66. (AI, 356-61, BI, 328-32).

Skj poems:
Lausavísur

See ‘Royal Biographies’ in Introduction to this volume.

Vol. II. Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: from c. 1035 to c. 1300 > 8. Introduction > 5. Biographies > 1. Royal Biographies > 1. Kings of Norway > g. Haraldr III harðráði Sigurðarson (Hharð) (r. 1046-66)

Sagas: ÓH, MH, HSig (Ágr, Flat, Fsk, H-Hr, Hkr, Mork, Theodoricus).

Haraldr harðráði ‘Hard-rule’ Sigurðarson was the son of Sigurðr sýr ‘Sow’ and Ásta Guðbrandsdóttir (see Genealogy II.2.f in ÍF 28). He fought alongside his half-brother, Óláfr Haraldsson (S. Óláfr), at the battle of Stiklestad (29 July 1030) and escaped wounded from the battlefield to seek refuge in Russia. After spending some years in the service of Jaroslav of Novgorod, he proceeded from Russia to Byzantium, where he served as a mercenary in the Varangian army before his return to Norway via Russia and Sweden in 1045/46. From 1046 he ruled jointly with his nephew, Magnús inn góði, and after Magnús’s death (25 October 1047) Haraldr was the sole ruler of Norway until he fell at the battle of Stamford Bridge (on 25 September 1066). See Anon Nkt 38-9, Theodoricus (MHN 50-1, 54-7; McDougall and McDougall 1998, 38-9, 43-46), Ágr (ÍF 29, 36-40; Ágr 1995, 52-9), Mork (Mork 1928-32, 55-281; Andersson and Gade 2000, 129-274), Fsk (ÍF 29, 227-90; Finlay 2004, 181-232), ÓHHkr (ÍF 27, 107-8, 347-8, 364; Hollander 1991, 314-15, 488-9, 500-1), HSigHkr (ÍF 28, 68-202; Hollander 1991, 577-663), Flat (Flat 1860-8, III, 287-432), H-Hr (Fms 6, 127-432). See also Hem (Hb 1892-6, 331-49; Fellows-Jensen 1962, 1-64), , Knýtl (ÍF 35, 132-3, 151; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1986, 46-7, 60), Orkn (ÍF 34, 53-4, 75-8, 80, 86-7, 339; Hermann Pálsson and Edwards 1987, 56-7, 71-4, 77-8).

Events documented in poetry: The battle of Stiklestad (1030) and Haraldr’s escape to Sweden (Hharð Gamv 1; Hharð Lv 1, 2a-2b; ÞjóðA Sex 1); his journey to Russia and his Russian campaigns 1031-3 (ÞjóðA Run 1, 3; Bǫlv Hardr 1); his journey to Constantinople and his campaigns as a mercenary in the Varangian army 1034-42 (Hharð Gamv 2, 4; Hharð Lv 10-11; Þjóð Sex 2-8; ÞjóðA Lv 4; Ill Har 2-4; Bǫlv Hardr 2-6; ÞSkegg Hardr; Valg Hardr 1-4; Þfisk Lv 2-3; Stúfr Stúfdr 2-3); his return to Russia and marriage to Ellisif (Stúfr Stúfdr 4); his journey to Sweden and his harrying in Denmark with Sveinn Úlfsson (ÞjóðA Sex 9; Valg Hardr 5-9); his meeting and reconciliation with Magnús inn góði (ÞjóðA Sex 10; ÞjóðA Frag 1; Bǫlv Hardr 7); his dealings with Magnús (Mgóð Lv 1; Hharð Lv 3); his return to Norway after Magnús’s death in Denmark in 1047 (Valg Hardr 10-11); his first naval campaign against Sveinn Úlfsson and the Danes in 1048 (Hharð Lv 4; ÞjóðA Lv 2; Bǫlv Hardr 8; Grani Har 1-2; Anon (HSig) 1); subsequent campaigns in Denmark against Sveinn (Hharð Lv 5, 10; ÞjóðA Lv 3-4; Arn Hardr 1; Þfagr Sveinn 2-9; Stúfr Stúfdr 5-6; Anon (HSig) 2, 5); the slaying of Einarr þambarskelfir and other enemies (Hharð Lv 6-8; Arn Hardr 1); the desertion of Norwegian magnates to Sveinn in Denmark (ÞjóðA Sex 12); the battle of the Nissan against Sveinn in 1062 (ÞjóðA Sex 13-18; ÞjóðA Har 1-7; Arn Hardr 2-4; Stúfr Stúfdr 7; Steinn Nizv; Steinn Úlffl); the peace treaty between Haraldr and Sveinn in 1064 (ÞjóðA Sex 23; Halli XI Fl); Haraldr’s campaign against Hákon Ívarsson (ÞjóðA Lv 9); his dealing with Norwegian insurrection (ÞjóðA Sex 19-22; Arn Hardr 5-6); the events leading up to the English campaign in 1066 (Hjǫrtr Lv 1-3; Úlfr Lv; Anon (HSig 6-9); the battles of Fulford and Stamford Bridge (Hharð Lv 13-14; ÞjóðA Lv 10-11; Arn Hardr 7-16; Stúfr Stúfdr 8; Steinn Óldr 1-3; Anon Harst). For þættir and smaller anecdotes involving Haraldr and other poets, see Haraldr Lv 9, 12; ÞjóðA Lv 4-8; SnH Lv; Þfisk Lv; Anon (HSig) 3-4.

Lausavísur — Hharð LvII

Kari Ellen Gade 2009, ‘(Introduction to) Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, Lausavísur’ in Kari Ellen Gade (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 2: From c. 1035 to c. 1300. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 2. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 42-6.

 1   2a   2b   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   12   13   14 

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur (AI, 356-61, BI, 328-32); stanzas (if different): 2/1-4 | 2/5-8 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19

in texts: Flat, Fsk, H-Hr, Hb, , Hkr, HSig, MH, Mork, Orkn, ÓH, ÓHHkr, ÓHLeg, Skm, SnE, Snegl

SkP info: II, 42-6

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance references search files

 

1 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 1 [Vol. 2, 42-3] — Hharð Lv 1II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þora munk þann arm verja,
þat's ekkju munr nøkkvat
(rjóðum vér af reiði
rǫnd), es í hlýtk standa;
gengra greppr enn ungi
gunnblíðr, þars slǫg ríða
(herða menn) at morði,
(mót) á hæl fyr spjótum.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 1 (AI, 356; BI, 328); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 301x, 321x, 325V, 325VII, 51x, 61, 68, 73ax, 75e 4, 761bx, 972x, Bb, DG8, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Holm2, Holm4, Hr, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 605, Fsk 163, H-Hr 76, ÓH 151(147), ÓHHkr 144, ÓHLeg 54
 
2a Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 2a [Vol. 2, 43-4] — Hharð Lv 2aII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Réðk, en benjar blœða
búþegna sák vegna,
lið fekk lindar váða
lífs-grand, í bǫð standa.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 2/1-4 (1030 - AI, 356; BI, 328); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: X; mss: 972x, Hkr 1697 II
 
2b Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 2b [Vol. 2, 44-5] — Hharð Lv 2bII

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Nú lætk skóg af skógi
skreiðask lítils heiðar;
hverr veit nema ek verða
víða frægr of síðir.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 2/5-8 (AI, 356; BI, 328); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 321x, 325III β, 325V, 325VII, 332x, 39, 61, 73ax, 761bx, 972x, Bb, E, F, Flat, H, Holm2, Holm4, Hr, J2x, Kx, Tóm; texts: Flat 620, Flat 661, Flat 1014, H-Hr 78, HSig 2, MH 45, Orkn 16, ÓH 166(162)
 
3 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 3 [Vol. 2, 45-6] — Hharð Lv 3II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Þegi þú Þórir,
þegn est þú ógegn,
heyrðak at héti
Hvinngestr faðir þinn.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 8 (AI, 358; BI, 330); fornyrðislag; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 761bx, Flat, H, Hr, Mork; texts: Flat 1028, H-Hr 115, MH 59, Mork 21
 
4 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 4 [Vol. 2, 46-7] — Hharð Lv 4II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Lôtum vér, meðan lirlar
lín, eik, veri sínum
Gerðr, í Goðnarfirði,
galdr, akkeri halda.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 9 (AI, 358; BI, 330); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 301x, 39, 51x, 761bx, E, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork; texts: Flat 1039, Fsk 201, H-Hr 126, HSig 25, MH 70, Mork 29
 
5 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 5 [Vol. 2, 47] — Hharð Lv 5II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Logit hefr Baldr at Baldri
- - - - - - - -

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 10 (AI, 358; BI, 330); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 301x, 761bx, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Hr, Mork; texts: Flat 0, Fsk 210, H-Hr 135, Mork 38
 
6 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 6 [Vol. 2, 47-8] — Hharð Lv 6II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hér sék upp enn ǫrva
Einar, þanns kann skeina
þjalfa, þambarskelfi,
þangs, fjǫlmennan ganga;
fullafli bíðr fyllar,
finnk opt at drífr minna,
hilmis stóls, á hæla
húskarla lið jarli.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 11 (AI, 358-9; BI, 330); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 301x, 39, 51x, 570a, 761bx, E, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Hr, J2x, Kx, R, Tx, U, W; texts: Flat 1054, Fsk 219, H-Hr 144,  2(8), HSig 40, MH 85, Skm 286
 
7 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 7 [Vol. 2, 48-9] — Hharð Lv 7II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Rjóðandi mun ráða
randa bliks ór landi
oss, nema Einarr kyssi
øxar munn enn þunna.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 12 (AI, 359; BI, 330); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 301x, 39, 51x, 570a, 761bx, E, F, Flat, FskAx, FskBx, H, Hr, J2x, Kx; texts: Flat 1053, Fsk 218, H-Hr 145,  3(9), HSig 41, MH 84
 
8 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 8 [Vol. 2, 49-50] — Hharð Lv 8II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Nú emk ellifu allra
(eggjumk vígs) ok tveggja,
þau eru enn svát mank, manna,
morð, ráðbani orðinn;
ginn en gráleik inna
golls, es ferr með skolli,
lýtendr; kveða lítit
lauki gæft til auka.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 13 (AI, 359; BI, 330-1); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 39, 761bx, E, F, H, Hr, J2x, Kx; texts: HSig 43
 
9 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 9 [Vol. 2, 50-1] — Hharð Lv 9II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hvert stillir þú Halli?
- - - - - - - -
graut munt gǫrvan láta.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 14 (AI, 359, 389; BI, 331, 359); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 563ax, 593b, 761bx, Flat, H, Hr, Mork; texts: H-Hr 0, MH 0, Mork 68, Snegl 6
 
10 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 10 [Vol. 2, 51-2] — Hharð Lv 10II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hjoggu harða dyggvir
hirðmenn Dani stirða,
sótti ferð á flótta
framm, en þat vas skǫmmu;
hitt vas fyrr, es fjarri
fóstrlandi rauðk branda
(sverð) í Serkja garði
(sǫng), en þat vas lǫngu.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 15 (AI, 359; BI, 331); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 761bx, F, Flat, H, Hr, Mork; texts: Flat 1075, H-Hr 194, MH 106, Mork 74
 
11 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 11 [Vol. 2, 52-3] — Hharð Lv 11II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Hlautk af hrauðung skjóta
hlýri, mær en skýra
súð gekk feld, á flœði,
framm; vas þat fyr skǫmmu;
en fyr England sunnan
óð borð und mér norðan,
ristin skalf í rǫstum
rǫng, en þat vas lǫngu.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 16 (AI, 360; BI, 331); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 761bx, F, Flat, H, Hr, Mork; texts: Flat 1078, H-Hr 197, MH 109, Mork 77
 
12 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 12 [Vol. 2, 53-4] — Hharð Lv 12II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Kennir kyrtil þenna
- kú átt skjǫldungi gjalda;
ok alvaxinn oxa
átt skjǫldungi gjalda,
svín ok aligôs eina
átt skjǫldungi gjalda;
bǫrn ok alt þats árnar
átt skjǫldungi gjalda. -
   Margar 'ro manna vélar
mosa átt ok skjǫldungi gjalda.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 17 (AI, 360; BI, 331); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 761bx, Flat, H, Hr, Mork; texts: Flat 1060, H-Hr 185, MH 91, Mork 50
 
13 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 13 [Vol. 2, 54-5] — Hharð Lv 13II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Framm gǫngum vér
í fylkingu
brynjulausir
und bláar eggjar;
hjalmar skína,
hefkat mína;
nú liggr skrúð várt
at skipum niðri.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 18 (AI, 360; BI, 332); fornyrðislag; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 301x, 326bx, 761bx, E, F, Flat, FskAx, H, Hb, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork; texts: Flat 1093, Fsk 237, H-Hr 212, Hb 0, HSig 80, MH 124, Mork 92
 
14 Vol. 2. Haraldr harðráði Sigurðarson, 2. Lausavísur, 14 [Vol. 2, 55-6] — Hharð Lv 14II

The following text is from a superseded edition and is not the work of the editor(s) named on this page. It is included for reference only. Do not refer to this site when using this text but rather consult the original edition (Skj where relevant).

Krjúpum vér fyr vápna
(valteigs) brǫkun eigi
(svá bauð Hildr) at hjaldri
(haldorð) í bug skjaldar;
hátt bað mik, þars mœttisk,
menskorð bera forðum,
hlakkar íss ok hausar,
hjalmstall í gný malma.

Skj: Haraldr Sigurðarson harðráði: Lausavísur 19 (AI, 360-1; BI, 332); dróttkvætt; ed. KEG; group: A2; mss: 326bx, 761bx, E, F, Flat, FskAx, H, Hb, Hr, J2x, Kx, Mork; texts: Flat 1094, Fsk 238, H-Hr 213, Hb 0, HSig 81, MH 125, Mork 93
 
© Skaldic Project Academic Body, unless otherwise noted. Database structure and interface developed by Tarrin Wills. All users of material on this database are reminded that its content may be either subject to copyright restrictions or is the property of the custodians of linked databases that have given permission for members of the skaldic project to use their material for research purposes. Those users who have been given access to as yet unpublished material are further reminded that they may not use, publish or otherwise manipulate such material except with the express permission of the individual editor of the material in question and the General Editor of the volume in which the material is to be published. Applications for permission to use such material should be made in the first instance to the General Editor of the volume in question. All information that appears in the published volumes has been thoroughly reviewed. If you believe some information here is incorrect please contact Tarrin Wills with full details.