Glúmr Geirason (Glúmr)
10th century; volume 1; ed. Diana Whaley;
2. Gráfeldardrápa (Gráf) - 15
3. Lausavísa (Lv) - 1
III. 1. Poem about Eiríkr blóðøx (Eir) - 1
Skj info: Glúmr Geirason, Islandsk skjald omkr. 950-75. (AI, 75-8, BI, 65-8).
1. Kvad om Erik blodøkse
Glúmr Geirason (Glúmr) was the son of Geiri (patronymic unknown), a Norwegian who settled in Iceland. Glúmr was born there in the early tenth century and moved with his father and brother from Mývatn, via Húnavatn, to Króksfjörður, Breiðafjörður, because of some killings (Ldn, ÍF 1, 284; he is also mentioned in ÍF 1, 154, 161, 238 and appears in Reykdœla saga, ÍF 10, 204-12). He married Ingunn Þórólfsdóttir, and their son was Þórðr Ingunnarson, who features in Laxdœla saga (ÍF 5, 86-7). Glúmr is named in Skáldatal (SnE 1848-87, III, 253, 261, 273, 274) as the poet of Eiríkr blóðøx ‘Blood-axe’ (d. c. 954) and Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’ (d. c. 970), and poems for both survive in part. Considerably more of Gráfeldardrápa (Gráf) survives than of the Poem about Eiríkr blóðøx (EirIII), though there is some difficulty in assigning certain stanzas to one or other poem (see Introduction to Gráf). Glúmr is the subject of HaukrV Ísldr 11IV, which depicts him as a zealous fighter who was with Haraldr gráfeldr at his victory at Fitjar (c. 961). Glúmr’s presence at the battle is somewhat in doubt, however, since although the Fsk text of his lausavísa on the subject (Glúmr Lv) contains sák ‘I saw’, the Hkr and ÓT mss have frák ‘I have heard’. From Glúmr Gráf it is clear that Glúmr outlived Haraldr (see Introduction). Edited below are Gráf and Lv, while the fragment of Eir is edited in SkP III since it is preserved only in SnE and TGT.
Diana Whaley 2012, ‘(Introduction to) Glúmr Geirason, Lausavísa’ in Diana Whaley (ed.), Poetry from the Kings’ Sagas 1: From Mythical Times to c. 1035. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 1. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 266.
Skj: Glúmr Geirason: 3. Lausavísa, 961-62 (AI, 78, BI, 68); stanzas (if different): [v]
in texts: Fsk, HGráf, Hkr, ÓT
SkP info: I, 266
This stanza (Glúmr Lv) is the sole lausavísa attributed to Glúmr Geirason. It appears to contain a direct address to King Haraldr gráfeldr ‘Grey-cloak’ (r. c. 961-c. 970), though see Note to l. 3. It is treated as a lausavísa in the medieval sources (see Context), forming part of the public discussion after the fall of King Hákon góði ‘the Good’ at the battle of Fitjar on the island of Storð in Hǫrðaland (Stord, Hordaland) c. 961. On the basis of its content it could alternatively have originated in a longer poem (Fidjestøl 1982, 92). The stanza is preserved in mss of Hkr, ÓT and Fsk: see below.