Gamli gnævaðarskáld (Ggnæv)
10th century; volume 3; ed. Margaret Clunies Ross;
1. Poem about Þórr (Þórr) - 1
2. Fragment (Frag) - 1
Only two helmingar composed by Gamli gnævaðarskáld (Ggnæv) are known, both recorded in mss of SnE (SnE 1998, I, 16, 103). Nothing is known of Gamli’s origin or dates, though the pagan subject-matter of Ggnæv Þórr has suggested a date in the tenth century (Skj; SnE 1998, I, 222). Previous editors have assumed he was an Icelander, though there is no proof of this. The nickname gnævaðarskáld is recorded in SnE (SnE 1998, I, 103), though its meaning is uncertain. It may derive from the verb gnæfa ‘to tower high’. Faulkes (SnE 1998, II, 460) speculates that the name may indicate that Gamli composed about someone with the nickname Gnævaðr ‘raised high, towering’; Lind (1920-1, cols. 113-14). It is assumed, though without certainty, that the Gamli credited with the Poem about Þórr (Ggnæv Þórr) is the same as the Gamli gnævaðarskáld credited with the Fragment, though only in the latter case is the nickname mentioned in the mss.
Margaret Clunies Ross 2017, ‘(Introduction to) Gamli gnævaðarskáld, Fragment’ in Kari Ellen Gade and Edith Marold (eds), Poetry from Treatises on Poetics. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 3. Turnhout: Brepols, p. 190.
Skj: Gamli gnævaðarskáld: 2. Af et fyrstedigt el. heltedigt(?) (AI, 140, BI, 132); stanzas (if different): [v]
in texts: Skm, SnE
SkP info: III, 190
A single helmingr (Ggnæv Frag) is all that survives of a presumably longer poem by Gamli in praise of an unknown ruler or nobleman. It is cited in that section of Skm (SnE 1998, I, 103) listing a variety of terms for ‘king’ or ‘ruler’ that can be used in skaldic poetry. Here the term ǫðlingr ‘ruler’ (l. 1) is the target. The helmingr is extant in mss R, Tˣ, U, A, B and C of SnE. Ms. R is the main ms. The paper ms. 744ˣ has been consulted because B, its exemplar, has several lacunae produced by holes at this point.