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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Poems, 1. Bjarkamál in fornu, 4 [Vol. 3, 500]

[3] forverki Fenju ‘with Fenja’s <giantess’s> toil [GOLD]’: Fenja was the name of a giantess who, with her partner Menja, was forced by their master Fróði, a legendary king of Denmark, to grind gold with the magic quern Grotti, according to the poem Grottasǫngr, recorded with a long explanatory prose narrative in Skm (SnE 1998, I, 52-7). Similar gold-kennings are meldr fáglýjaðra þýja Fróða ‘the flour of the little-satisfied bondwomen of Fróði’ (Eyv Lv 8/5, 6, 7I) and þann meldr Fenju ‘that flour of Fenja’ (ESk Øxfl 6/6, 7); see further Meissner 228.


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