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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Þulur, 6. Dverga heiti, 6 [Vol. 3, 704]

[7] Jaki: As a dwarf-name, Jaki is attested only in this þula. Gould (1929, 950) interprets the name as ‘ice-floe’ or ‘ice-berg’ (cf. jaki m. ‘piece of ice’; CVC: jaki). The A variant Jaki could be a scribal error, since ms. B has ‘toki’. However, although Tóki is the name of several legendary persons, it never occurs as a dwarf-name in other sources, and, furthermore, the A variant is supported by the LaufE mss which also have Jaki. Finnur Jónsson (LP: Jaki) suggests that the correct reading may be Jari ‘warrior’ (from jara f. ‘battle’), but he retains Jaki in Skj B. The name Jari is attested in the dwarf-stanzas in the Hb version of Vsp (Iari, Eikin skialldi, Hb 1892-6, 189; cf. the second name in l. 8 below). The Hb reading may be supported by the evidence from later poetry: ÍO gives the forms jári and jár m. as heiti for ‘dwarf’ and as a name for Óðinn which occurs in rímur.

references

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