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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Þulur, 5. Konunga heiti, 1 [Vol. 3, 687]

[8] tyggi (m.) ‘chieftain’: A poetic word for ‘ruler’, derived from a weak verb *tugja- (AEW: tyggi) and etymologically related to ‑togi in hertogi ‘army-leader’, st. 2/2 below, ultimately derived from the strong verb *teuhan (cf. Goth. tiuhan ‘pull, tear’, etc.). The spelling of this word in most later mss (including mss A, B of the present stanza) is ‘tiggi’, while tyggi is the form secured by internal rhyme. Tiggi rhyming with ‑igg- is first attested in SnSt Ht 74/2, and that form becomes regular after 1200 (see LP: tyggi). Tiggi is also the name of a son of Hálfdan gamli (see Introduction above, Flat 1860-8, I, 25), and that may be an etymologically different word which is most likely related to tiginn m. ‘high-born’, tign f. ‘highness, honour’ (see ÍO: tyggi).


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