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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Þulur, 5. Konunga heiti, 1 [Vol. 3, 687]

[1] haukstalda (m. gen. pl.) ‘of noblemen’: From Gmc *haga-, *hagi-, *hagu- ‘small plot of fenced-in land’ and *-staldaz (cf. Goth. gastaldan ‘receive, obtain’). In Old Norse, the word is attested in the gen. pl. only. ON haukstalda must be cognate with OHG hagustalt and OE hagosteald ‘one living in the lord’s house, an unmarried person, young warrior’ (cf. the runic name Hagustaldaʀ in the Norwegian Valsfjord inscription, c. 400 (RäF 55)). Because the expected Old Norse form is *hǫgstaldr, it is likely that the first element of the cpd, hagu-, was at some point confused with haukr m. ‘hawk, valiant man’ (AEW: haukstaldr, haukstallr). On the use of haukr to refer to warriors or noblemen, see Note to Arn Hryn 3/5II.


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