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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

3. Anonymous Þulur, 14. Ásynja heiti, 1 [Vol. 3, 763]

[7] Jǫrð: This Old Norse goddess is the personification of the earth, consort of Óðinn and mother of Þórr (cf. Lok 58/1, Þry 1/7, Gylf, SnE 2005, 30 and Skm, SnE 1998, I, 8, 14, 30). According to Gylf (SnE 2005, 13), Jǫrð was both daughter and wife of Óðinn (Jǫrðin var dóttir hans ok kona hans). Other sources mention Jǫrð as the daughter of Ónarr (Skm, SnE 1998, I, 35) or the daughter of Nótt (‘night’) and Annarr (= Ónarr; Gylf, SnE 2005, 13). Other than in kennings for ‘woman’, where Jǫrð/jǫrð rather appears as a common noun, her name occurs in kennings for Óðinn and Þórr, as well as in ofljóst constructions playing on the double meaning of the name (Jǫrð ‘goddess’; jǫrð ‘earth’).


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