kát víf skulu vita ‘cheerful women shall know’: The cl. here is construed as an intercalary. The verb skulu (3rd pers. pl.) is abbreviated in 721 and 1032ˣ as ‘sk̄u’ which could be expanded as skaltu (2nd pers. sg.). Both readings make sense, but if the abbreviation is expanded as skaltu, it is necessary to follow Jón Helgason’s emendation þat for kát; þat skaltu vita, víf ‘you shall know that, woman’. Kát ‘cheerful’ can either be f. sg. or n. pl. The latter can stand with víf (n. pl.) ‘cheerful women’. The poet seems to be addressing a group of women, probably his intended audience. Given the poem’s subject matter, it is possible that these women were religious.
Verbs: Preterite-present verbs
The present tense of these verbs is like the past tense of strong verbs, and their past tense is weak.
|indic. past stem |
subj. pres. stem
subj. past stem