MUFI Character Database

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○. MUFI: The Medieval Unicode Font Initiative

 
2. MUFI character recommendation (OEH)
3. MUFI fonts (OEH)
4. Medievalist proposals to Unicode (OEH)
5. LINCUA (OEH)
6. Board 2001–2015 (OEH)
7. Other Fonts & Projects (OEH)
8. Links (OEH)
9. Notes (TW)

(○. MUFI: The Medieval Unicode Font Initiative > 2. MUFI character recommendation)

2. MUFI character recommendation (OEH)

Although the ultimate goal of the MUFI group is to add a representative and well defined inventory of medieval characters to the Unicode Standard it will be necessary to assign characters to the Private Use Area for some time. In order to establish a coordinated usage of this area, the MUFI group has published a recommendation for the selection of characters from the Unicode Standard and for characters to be assigned to the Private Use Area. This recommendation coordinates the usage of the PUA with several other fonts and font projects, notably the TITUS project and Junicode.

The first version of this recommendation was published in 2003, the second in 2006, the third in 2009, and the fourth in 2015. The fourth version contains 1512 characters (of which 782 have been selected from various charts in the official part of the Standard, and 730 are located in the Private Use Area). It is compliant with v. 8.0 of the Unicode Standard and has a persistent URI at the University Library in Bergen:

http://hdl.handle.net/1956/10699 (published 22 December 2015)

Previous versions of the MUFI character recommendation can be downloaded here:

MUFI character recommendation (all versions) — See below

As a preparation for v. 3.0 and v. 4.0 of the recommendation, pipelines with new characters have been published:

Proposals for new MUFI characters — See below

(subheadings only)

 
1. MUFI character recommendations

The MUFI group has published a recommendation for the selection of characters from the Unicode Standard and for characters to be allocated to the Private Use Area (PUA). This recommendation coordinates the usage of the PUA with several other fonts and font projects, notably the TITUS project and Junicode.

Version 4.0

The fourth version of the recommendation has only 36 new characters, but it implements the full decommissioning of the more than 150 characters that have migrated to the official part of the Unicode Standard, and it clearly shows that all 39 code point conflicts with Junicode have been resolved. It was published on 22 December 2015:

▸ MUFI character recommendation v. 4.0: Alphabetical order ‑ PDF file, 2.1 MB
▸ MUFI character recommendation v. 4.0: Code chart order ‑ PDF file, 2.4 MB

The fourth version is also available with a permanent URI at the University Library in Bergen:

▸ http://hdl.handle.net/1956/10699

Version 3.0

The third version of the recommendation is a major update of 2.0, containing a number of new characters added in v. 5.1 of the Unicode Standard as well as many characters with superscript letters (primarily used in Medieval German sources). This version also contains all characters in the German font Mediaevum. It was published 5 July 2009:

▸ MUFI character recommendation v. 3.0: Alphabetical order ‑ PDF file, 1.1 MB
▸ MUFI character recommendation v. 3.0: Code chart order ‑ PDF file, 1.4 MB

Please note that there are two known misprints in v. 3.0: Alphabetical order:

P. 107, rows 2-3 from top:
ý → &ygrave;
Ý → &Yamp;grave;

Version 2.0

The second version of the recommendation is a major update with a total of 1326 characters. It was published 22 December 2006:

▸ MUFI character recommendation v. 2.0: Alphabetical order ‑ PDF file, 1.0 MB
▸ MUFI character recommendation v. 2.0: Code chart order ‑ PDF file, 1.1 MB

As of version 2.0 the recommendation has been divided into two parts, each containing the same number of characters, but in different order. Part 1 lists the characters in alphabetical order, beginning with alphabetical characters and then giving numbers, abbreviation characters, punctuation characters, and other signs. Part 2 lists the characters according to the code charts in the Unicode Standard.

Part 1 is intended for casual users since it is fairly easy to find any particular character simply by browsing through the document on screen or in print. Part 2 is intended for encoders and font designers since it lists characters according to Unicode code charts and thus in ascending code point order. It also shows the structure of the Private Use Area more clearly than Part 1. Finally, it contains more information than Part 1; it displays decommissions from version 1.0 to 2.0 on coloured background, it includes appendices specifying all changes from version 1.0 to 2.0, and it distinguishes between ISO entity names (where applicable) and MUFI recommended entity names.

Version 1.0

This is the first official version of the recommendation, published 8 December 2003 and containing a total of 828 characters. It is located at a persistent URL at the University Library in Bergen:

▸ MUFI character recommendation v. 1.0 ‑ link to persistent URL

Please note that there are six known misprints in this version (of which two can be disruptive):

  • P. 29, row 3 from top: &aeligacute: → &aeligacute;
  • P. 40, row 2 from bottom: &Tdot; 1E6C → &Tdot; 1E6A
  • P. 40, bottom row: ⃛ 1E6D → ⃛ 1E6B
  • P. 45, row 3 from bottom: HORIZONTAL DASH → HORIZONTAL BAR
  • P. 46, row 5 from top: &rsquolrev; → &rsquorev;
  • P. 57, l. 12 from top: 271D (p. 50) → 271D (p. 49)

1. Pipeline for v. 3.0 of the MUFI character recommendation
2. Pipeline for v. 4.0 of the MUFI character recommendation
3. Code-point allocation for v. 4.0 of the MUFI character recommendation

 
-. New characters in the MUFI Character Recommendation v. 4.0

Odd Einar Haugen, 16 December 2015

This list is based on the meeting held in Bergen, 8–9 September 2015, and additional mails.

It contains 36 new characters. Of these, only 1 character is in Andron Scriptor Web, but 22 are in Andron Mega Corpus. See the columns for ASW and AMC in the table below, as well as the column for the LINCUA tables (LINCUA overview). A total of 13 characters need to be composed (of existing characters) or drawn from scratch.

Of the 36 new characters, 4 are already in the Unicode Standard. They have been listed with codepoints in black & bold below. Another 4 are already in the Private Use Area (PUA) of TITUS. They have been listed with codepoints in black & regular below. Furthermore, 18 characters were allocated codepoints by Jost Gippert in 2011, and have been listed in blue below.

Finally, 10 characters have no code points in TITUS, and have been listed in red below. In agreement with Jost Gippert, code points have been allocated by Odd Einar Haugen. When allocating these codepoints, the latest version of the TITUS font has been checked, as well as the LINCUA resource set up by Andreas Stötzner

Also, see the overview of new codepoints on these pages:

http://folk.uib.no/hnooh/mufi/pipeline/for-v3.html

http://folk.uib.no/hnooh/mufi/pipeline/for-v4.html

One character should be decommissioned from the MUFI PUA and moved to a new codepoint in Latin Extended-E, i.e. LATIN LETTER SMALL X WITH LONG LEFT LEG: From F232 to AB57

Code ASW AMC LIN Chart Descriptive name
019C Ɯ n/a LatExtB LATIN CAPITAL LETTER TURNED M
026F ɯ n/a IPAExt LATIN SMALL LETTER TURNED M
2056 n/a GenPunct THREE DOT PUNCTUATION
2E40 n/a SupplPunct DOUBLE HYPHEN
E262 yes PUA-22 LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE OE WITH OGONEK
E268 yes PUA-17 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER P WITH DOUBLE ACUTE
E34E # yes PUA-30 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER V WITH VERTICAL LINE ABOVE
E662 $ yes PUA-22 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE OE WITH OGONEK
E668 yes PUA-17 LATIN SMALL LETTER P WITH DOUBLE ACUTE
E74F % yes PUA-30 LATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH VERTICAL LINE ABOVE
E8A1 & yes PUA-5 LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH TWO STROKES
(has a decommissioned character in Andron Scriptor Web; the code point E8A1 should now be used for LATIN SMALL LETTER I WITH TWO STROKES)
E8A2 ' yes PUA-5 LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH TWO STROKES
(has a decommissioned character in Andron Scriptor Web; the code point E8A2 should now be used for LATIN SMALL LETTER J WITH TWO STROKES)
E8A3 ( yes PUA-4 LATIN ABBREVIATION SIGN AUTEM
(has a decommissioned character in Andron Scriptor Web; the code point E8A3 should now be used for LATIN ABBREVIATION SIGN AUTEM)
E8BB ) yes PUA-5 LATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH SHORT SLASH ABOVE RIGHT
E8C6 * yes PUA-1 LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE UU
E8C7 + yes PUA-1 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE UU
E8C8 , yes PUA-1 LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE UE
E8C9 - yes PUA-1 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE UE (equivalent to 1D6B in PhonExt)
E8BC . yes PUA-5 LATIN SMALL LETTER V WITH TWO SHORT SLASHES ABOVE RIGHT
E8CE / yes PUA-5 LATIN SMALL LETTER X WITH TWO SHORT SLASHES BELOW RIGHT
E8DD no PUA-22 LATIN SMALL LETTER DOTLESS I WITH OGONEK
E8DE no PUA-1 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE O R ROTUNDA
E8DF no PUA-1 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE LONG S L WITH STROKE
EFD8 no PUA-17 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE UU WITH DOUBLE ACUTE
EFD9 no PUA-17 LATIN CAPITAL LIGATURE UU WITH DOUBLE ACUTE
EFDB no PUA-32 LATIN CAPITAL LETTER AE WITH DOT ABOVE AND ACUTE
EFDC no PUA-32 LATIN SMALL LETTER AE WITH DOT ABOVE AND ACUTE
F1BB 0 yes PUA-1 LATIN SMALL LIGATURE CH
F1D2 1 yes PUA-8 TRIPLE DAGGER SIGN
F23C no PUA-51 LATIN SMALL LETTER M UNCIAL FORM [having the same x height as ordinary ‘m’] (F225 should be retained, but renamed LATIN MEDIUSCULE LETTER M UNCIAL FORM)
F23D no PUA-51 LATIN SMALL LETTER M UNCIAL FORM WITH RIGHT DESCENDER [same x height as ‘m’]
(F226 should be retained, but renamed LATIN MEDIUSCULE LETTER M UNCIAL FORM WITH RIGHT DESCENDER)
F23E no PUA-16 LATIN SMALL LETTER M UNCIAL FORM WITH ACUTE ACCENT [ same x height as ‘m’] (Based on F23C)
F2F A 2 yes PUA-12 KRONE SIGN
F2FB 3 yes PUA-12 HELBELING SIGN
F2FE 4 yes PUA-11 ROMAN NUMERAL CAPITAL C WITH TWO BARS
F2FF 5 yes PUA-11 ROMAN NUMERAL SMALL C WITH TWO BARS
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