Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Anonymous Poems (Anon)

VII. Allra postula minnisvísur (Alpost) - 13

not in Skj

Allra postula minnisvísur (‘Celebratory Vísur about All the Apostles’) — Anon AlpostVII

Ian McDougall 2007, ‘(Introduction to) Anonymous, Allra postula minnisvísur’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 852-71.

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Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV]: [B. 9]. Allra postula minnisvísur (AII, 509-11, BII, 559-62)

SkP info: VII, 867-8

old edition introduction edition manuscripts transcriptions concordance search files

11 — Anon Alpost 11VII

edition interactive full text transcriptions old edition references concordance

 

Cite as: Ian McDougall (ed.) 2007, ‘Anonymous Poems, Allra postula minnisvísur 11’ in Margaret Clunies Ross (ed.), Poetry on Christian Subjects. Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages 7. Turnhout: Brepols, pp. 867-8.

Oss giefi Símón sóma
sannheilagr í ranni
píndr á Persiðalandi
postuli hlaðinn af kostum.
Giekk, sá græddi flekka
góðfúss í blóthúsi
dauða dyrr með náðum;
dýrð hans guði skýrðiz.
Sankte Símóns minni
sie hier vegsamað inni.

Sannheilagr Símón giefi oss sóma í ranni, postuli hlaðinn af kostum, píndr á Persiðalandi. Góðfúss, sá græddi flekka, giekk dyrr dauða í blóthúsi með náðum; hans dýrð skýrðiz guði. Minni Sankte Símóns sie vegsamað hier inni.

May the truly holy Simon grant us honour in the house, the Apostle filled with virtues, martyred in the land of Persia. The benevolent one, who healed defects, walked through the doors of death in the heathen temple in peace; his glory was made manifest to God. Let a memorial toast for Saint Simon be celebrated herein.

Mss: 721(15v)

Readings: [2] ranni: ‘roma’ 721

Editions: Skj: [Anonyme digte og vers XIV], [B. 9]. Allra postula minnisvísur 11: AII, 511, BII, 561-2, Skald II, 308.

Notes: [1] Símón: On S. Simon the Apostle, see generally Cross and Livingstone 1983, 1276-7; Widding, Bekker-Nielsen and Shook 1963, 332; Saxtorph 1970, 295-6; Foote 1976, 170-1; Cormack 1994, 152. — [2] í ranni ‘in the house’: Ms. ‘i roma’, perhaps due to dittography with sóma in l. 1, or simply a mechanical echo of a more familiar phrase (cf. 1/4 í Róma). No doubt in part because it is difficult to make good sense in this context of an exhortation ‘May … Simon grant us honour in Rome’, but largely to restore the requisite aðalhending, Skj B and Skald emend ms. ‘roma’ to ranni. The poet may intend to reinforce his representation of memorial toasts made in a drinking hall, cf. LP: mjǫðrann ‘mead-hall’ (Akv 9/7); or he may intend to refer to a church, cf. guðs rann ‘God’s house’ (RKet Lv 1/6IV), Jésú rann ‘Jesus’ house’ (EGils Guðv 6/4IV), see LP: rann; Meissner, 430, 432. — [3] píndr á Persiðalandi ‘martyred in the land of Persia’: On the martyrdom of SS. Simon and Jude/Judas-Thaddaeus in ‘Persia’, cf. Festa 3/13-15: occisi sunt in Suanis civitate magna apud Persidam ‘they were martyred in Suanis, a great city in Persia’. Cf. Cross 1979, 169, for further Lat. analogues for Cynewulf’s description of the same martyrdom in land Persea ‘the land of the Persians’ (Fates of the Apostles 76 in Brooks 1961, 58). A fairly close Icel. parallel is provided by AM 764 4° 16v: Símon ok íudas uoro lagdir igegnum meþ kesiu a persida landi ‘Simon and Jude were thrust through with a halberd in the land of Persia’; cf. Holm perg 5 fol, 59vb: ꜳ Serk landi ‘in Serkland’ (Foote 1976, 155; cf. 170). — [5, 6, 7] giekk dyrr dauða í blóthúsi með náðum ‘[the benevolent one] walked through the doors of death in the heathen temple in peace’: Cf. reference to the murder of SS. Simon and Jude a templorum pontificibus ‘by the high priests of the temples’ in Festa 3/13, and Holm perg 5 fol, 59vb: þeir voru pindir af blot byskupum ‘they were martyred by the heathen priests’ (Foote 1976, 155; cf. 170, and SJ1ˣ 788-9; for further analogues, see Cross 1979, 170). On dauða dyrr see ONP: dauðadyrr, a rendering of the biblical collocation portae mortis ‘the gates of death’; cf., e.g., Ps. IX.15 de portis mortis, CVI.18 ad portas mortis. — [6] góðfúss ‘the benevolent one’: The term may have the general sense ‘benevolent’; or perhaps a more literal sense ‘eager for good’ may be intended, as a pun on the traditional folk-etymological interpretation of the Apostle’s cognomen Zelotes ‘the zealot’; cf. Brev. 4/21-2: Simon Zelotis qui interpraetatur zelus ... zelo Dei fervens ‘Simon Zelotis, who signifies “zealous” ... burning with zeal for God’.

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