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Skaldic Poetry of the Scandinavian Middle Ages

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Note to stanza

1. 3. Þorbjǫrn hornklofi, 2. Haraldskvæði (Hrafnsmál), 9 [Vol. 1, 103]

[3] austmanna ‘of the Norwegians’: Lit. ‘of East-men’. The context here points to Norwegians, but the term has somewhat fluctuating usage (see Fritzner: austmaðr; Notes to Þhorn Lv 1/8, Þfagr Sveinn 8/2II). Þjóðólfr ór Hvini uses austrkonungr to refer to the king of Sweden (Þjóð Yt 13/19), and austmǫrk refers to Swedish land in Yt 14/9 (if this reading from J2ˣ is correct); this has been used as an argument against his authorship of Harkv (Sueti 1884, 17).


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